Skin hyperpigmentation is the condition characterised by dark patches on the skin. The dark spots can cover only a small portion, but in other cases, it can spread all over the body. While hyperpigmentation barely poses any health risks, it indicates the presence of an underlying medical issue.
Melasma vs Sunspots
Melasma is known to be caused by disruption of the hormonal system and occurs mostly during pregnancy. Colouration occurs on the face and abdominal part, albeit it can also affect other parts of the body. On the other hand, sunspots, also known as solar lentigines, is the most common form of skin pigmentation. As the name suggests, it is caused by increased exposure to the sun's UV rays.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
One of the common causes of skin coloration is excess melanin production. Melanin is the pigment responsible for our skin tone. Cells called melanocytes produce it. Several physiological and external factors may cause melanocytes to produce melanin abnormally.
According to a survey by the University Of New Mexico Cancer Centre, some treatment processes may pose a high risk of developing skin hyperpigmentation. For instance, chemotherapy medicines, used for cancer treatment, can cause pigmentation.
Hormonal changes due to pregnancy are also known to increase women's prevalence to exhibit skin condition. Other individuals have reported increased melanin production because of the Addison's disease, an endocrine condition.
Effective Ways of Treating Skin Hyperpigmentation
Having understood the critical information about the types of skin colouration and the causes, noticing the problem is straight-forward. Always consult Dermatology Consultants of Frisco to treat the condition. Here some viable treatment options.
During microdermabrasion, the uppermost layer of the dermis is carefully removed in the bid of removing any sunspots, dark patches and other tinges of pigmentation. There are different approaches a doctor can take to treat sunspots. One effective method is DermaSweep. Anti-pigmentation chemicals are infused in the skin to inhibit melanin production. Resultantly, the skin maintains brightness.
Intense Pulse Light (IPL)
This is an effective way of treating skin darkening caused by exposure to the sun. It involves the use of light energy which is radiated into the skin which increases circulation in the blood vessels. IPL works to remove the discoloured spot by lifting the excess melanin. The treated areas usually turn dark as healing takes place but "peels" off after some time. At times, several laser treatments are performed before an IPL to ensure client satisfaction.
Salicylic is a skin acid that accelerates the exfoliation of the skin's top layer. That stimulates the production of new cells that replace the old cells. The process results in an even and smooth skin complexion. Most face acids are available Over the Counter (OTC) and in cosmetic stores. They include azelaic acid, I-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), kojic acid among others.
Fraction Laser Resurfacing
This approach works intensively to reverse severe skin discoloration. Since its discovery, fractional laser resurfacing has produced tremendous results. The procedure uses laser beams that cause micro-injuries in the skin to bring out the skin's natural healing power. A new skin layer develops following the removal of discoloration leaving the new layer sparkling. Some lasers used in FLR include Clear, Brilliant, Halo, Fraxel.
While it is essential to understand the different treatment options for skin discoloration, it is critical to avoid high-energy sun rays. Always wear a sunscreen when you expose your skin to bright light.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure used to renew skin
tone and texture. The procedure utilizes a wand applicator with an abrasive surface to sand away dead skin cells on the epidermis. There is also
an alternative microdermabrasion technique where fine particles of aluminum oxide or sodium bicarbonate are blasted onto the skin while simultaneously
having these crystals, and dead skin suctioned away. Both procedures are safe and are suitable for most skin types.
What Happens During a Microdermabrasion Treatment?
For crystal microdermabrasion, the machine will emit fine crystals through a wand, gently sandblasting the face. For diamond-tipped microdermabrasion, the abrasive tip of the wand is used to remove surface skin cells physically. With every stroke of the wand, the crystals are dislodging compacted skin cells, while the vacuum siphon the displaced skin cells, crystals, and debris.
Keep in mind that even though it might sound like a brutal procedure, it is noninvasive and generally painless. The technician will work in small areas for the best effect. While you'll feel the coarse texture and suction from the wand, it's not uncomfortable since the wand is working in such a small surface area.
The procedure will take several minutes for a whole face. After the microdermabrasion, it's normal for the skin to be slightly red. The redness will subside after a couple of hours. A moisturizer and humectant will then be applied immediately after the microdermabrasion session.
Does Microdermabrasion work?
Good candidates for microdermabrasion are individuals between the age of 50 and 60 who are looking for a non-invasive treatment, former smokers who want to remove deep lines around the lips, have fine lines, and those who have suffered sun damage. Most skin types can benefit from exfoliating treatments. The procedures have become popular among people who are suffering from hyperpigmentation and skin unevenness.
Can acne sufferers benefit from microdermabrasion? Microdermabrasion is best for those who are suffering from mild breakouts. It helps to clear out the pores and reduce non-inflamed blemishes. It is not recommended for active lesions or severe acne sufferers.
Cosmetic Benefits of Microdermabrasion
You will see an immediate improvement in the skin's texture after cosmetic skin procedures like microdermabrasion. For best results, you may need repeated treatments to reverse issues with pigment. Other benefits of microdermabrasion treatments include:
Dermatology Consultants of Frisco
Dermatology Consultants of Frisco provides comprehensive services for your skin's health, including microdermabrasion treatments that improve the aesthetics of your skin. If you are fighting with clogged pores, stubborn hyperpigmentation, or need a non-invasive treatment, then contact us to book an appointment...
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. In the United Kingdom, research has revealed that skin cancer rates have more than doubled since the 1990's. So, it's puzzling how despite the looming danger of skin cancer and the protection sunscreen offers against it, people choose not to wear it! Some people only wear it during the summer, believing that during the cooler months they're safe. But in reality, sunscreen should be worn every single day. Temperature and UV levels are not related. ..